Scouts And Guides Online Training Manual Based On The Bharat Scouts & Guides Test Card
1. Pravesh Course
A) KNOWLEDGE OF THE MOVEMENT
B-P - Chief Scout of the World
Robert Baden-Powell of Gilwell (1857-1941) was a decorated soldier, talented
artist, actor and free-thinker. Best known during his military career for his
spirited defense of the small South African township of Mafeking during the
Boer War, he was soon to be propelled to extraordinary fame as the Founder of
Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, known as B-P, was born at 6 Stanhope Street (now
11, Stanhope Terrace) Paddington, London on 22nd February 1857. He was the
sixth son and the eighth of ten children of the Reverend Baden Powell, a
Professor at Oxford University.
His father died when B-P was only three years old and the family were left none too well off.
B-P was given his first lessons by his mother and later attended Rose Hill School, Tunbridge Wells, where he gained a scholarship for admittance to Charterhouse School. Charterhouse School was in London when B-P first attended but whilst he was there it moved to Godalming in Surrey, a factor which had great influence later in his life. He was always eager to learn new skills and played the piano and the violin. While at Charterhouse he began to exploit his interest in the arts of scouting and woodcraft.
In the woods around the school B-P would hide from his masters as well as catch and cook rabbits, being careful not to let tell-tale smoke give his position away. The holidays were not wasted either. With his brothers he was always in search of adventure. One holiday they made a yachting expedition round the south coast of England. On another, they traced the Thames to its source by canoe. Through all this Baden-Powell was learning the arts and crafts which were to prove so useful to him professionally.
for his high marks at school, B-P nevertheless took an examination for the Army
and placed second among several hundred applicants. He was commissioned
straight into the 13th Hussars, bypassing the officer training establishments.
Later he became their Honorary Colonel.
In 1876 he went to India as a young army officer and specialised in scouting, map-making and reconnaissance. His success soon led to his training other soldiers. B-P's methods were unorthodox for those days; small units or patrols working together under one leader, with special recognition for those who did well. For proficiency, B-P awarded his trainees badges resembling the traditional design of the north compass point. Today's universal Scout badge is very similar.
Later he was stationed in the Balkans, South Africa and Malta. He returned to Africa to help defend Mafeking during its 217-day siege at the start of the Boer war. It provided crucial tests for B-P's scouting skills. The courage and resourcefulness shown by the boys in the corps of messengers at Mafeking made a lasting impression on him. In turn, his deeds made a lasting impression in England.
Returning home in 1903 he found that he had become a national hero. He also found that the small handbook he had written for soldiers ("Aids to Scouting") was being used by youth leaders and teachers all over the country to teach observation and woodcraft.
spoke at meetings and rallies and whilst at a Boys' Brigade gathering he was
asked by its Founder, Sir William Smith, to work out a scheme for giving
greater variety in the training of boys in good citizenship.
BEGINNINGS OF THE MOVEMENT
B-P set to work rewriting "Aids to Scouting", this time for a younger audience. In 1907 he held an experimental camp on Brownsea Island, Poole, Dorset, to try out his ideas. He brought together 22 boys, some from private schools and some from working class homes, and took them camping under his leadership. The whole world now knows the results of that camp.
"Scouting for Boys" was published in 1908 in six fortnightly parts. Sales of the book were tremendous. Boys formed themselves into Scout Patrols to try out ideas. What had been intended as a training aid for existing organisations became the handbook of a new and ultimately worldwide Movement. B-P's great understanding of boys obviously touched something fundamental in the youth of England and worldwide. "Scouting for Boys" has since been translated into more than 35 languages.
Without fuss, without ceremony and completely spontaneously, boys began to form Scout Troops all over the country. In September 1908 Baden-Powell had set up an office to deal with the large number of enquiries which were pouring in.
Scouting spread quickly throughout the British Empire and to other countries until it was established in practically all parts of the world.
He retired from the army in 1910, at the age of 53, on the advice of King Edward VII who suggested that he could now do more valuable service for his country within the Scout Movement.
With all his enthusiasm and energy were now directed to the development of Boy Scouting and Girl Guiding, he travelled to all parts of the world, wherever he was most needed, to encourage growth and give inspiration.
he married Olave Soames who was his constant help and companion in all this
work. They had three children (Peter, Heather and Betty). Lady Olave
Baden-Powell was later known as World Chief Guide.
CHIEF SCOUT OF THE WORLD
The first international Scout Jamboree took place at Olympia, London in 1920. At its closing scene B-P was unanimously acclaimed as Chief Scout of the World.
At the third World Jamboree, held in Arrowe Park, Birkenhead, England, the Prince of Wales announced that B-P would be given Peerage by H.M. the King. The news was received with great rejoicing. B-P took the title of Lord Baden-Powell of Gilwell; Gilwell Park being the international training centre he had created for Scout leaders.
B-P wrote no fewer than 32 books. He received honorary degrees from at least six Universities. In addition, 28 foreign orders and decorations and 19 foreign Scout awards were bestowed upon him.
In 1938, suffering from ill-health, B-P returned to Africa, which had meant so much in his life, to live in semi-retirement at Nyeri, Kenya. Even there he found it difficult to curb his energies, and he continued to produce books and sketches.
On January 8th, 1941, at 83 years of age, B-P died. He was buried in a simple grave at Nyeri within sight of Mount Kenya. On his head-stone are the words "Robert Baden-Powell, Chief Scout of the World" surmounted by the Boy Scout and Girl Guide Badges. Lady Olave Baden-Powell carried on his work, promoting Scouting and Girl Guiding around the world until her death in 1977. She is buried alongside Lord Baden-Powell at Nyeri.
B) Law and Promise
Law of Scouts -
1. A Scout/Guide is trustworthy.
2. A Scout/Guide is loyal.
3. A Scout/Guide is a friend to animal and loves Nature.
4. A Scout/Guide is disciplined and helps protect public property.
5. A Scout/Guide is courageous.
6. A Scout/Guide is thrifty.
7. A Scout/Guide is pure in Thought, Word and Deed.
Law of Cub/Bulbul -
1. The Cub / Bulbul gives into the elders.
2. The Cub / Bulbul is clean and courteous.
Scout/Guides Promise -
"On my honor I promise that I will do my best,
to do my duty to God and my country,
to help other people and
to obey the Scout/Guide Law."
Cub/Bulbul Promise -
“I Promise to do my best
to do my duty God and my Country,
to keep the cub / Bulbul law and
to do a Good turn every day."
Cubs and Bulbuls Motto - Do Your Best.
Scout and guides Motto - Be Prepared.
C) GOOD TURN
Some Good Turns are big - saving a life, helping out after floods or other disasters, recycling community trash, working with your patrol on conservation projects.
But Good Turns are often small, thoughtful acts - helping a child cross a busy street, going to the store for an elderly neighbor, cutting back brush that is blocking a sign, doing something special for a brother or sister, welcoming a new student to your school.
A Good Turn is more than simple good manners. It is a special act of kindness.
E) BHARAT SCOUTS AND GUIDES Prayer, Flag & Song
“Daya Kar Dan Bhakti Ka
Hamen Paramatma Dena
Daya Karna Hamari Atma
Main Shudhata Dena
Hamere Dhyan Main Aao
Prabhu Ankon Main Bas Jao
Andhere Dil Main Aa Kar Ke
Param Jyoti Jaga Dena
Bahado Prem Ki Ganga
Dilon Main Prem Ka Sagar
Hamen Aapas Main Miljulkar
Prabhu Rehna Sikha Dena
Hamara Karam Ho Seva
Hamara Dharam Ho Seva
Sada Iman Ho Seva
Wa Sevakchar Bana Dena
Vatan Ke Vaste Jeena
Vatan Ke Vaste Marna
Vatan Par Jan Fida Karna
Prabhu Humko Sikha Dena”
“Bharat Scout Guide Ka
Jhanda Uncha Sada Rahega
Uncha Sada Rahega Jhanda
Uncha Sada Rahega
Neela Rang Gagan Ka Visrit
Bhratru Bhav Phailata
Tridal Kamal Nit Teen
Pratignaon Ki Yaad Dilata
Aur Chakra Kehta Hai Pratpal
Age Kadam Badega
Uncha Sada Rahega
Jhanda Uncha Sada Rahega”
About the Flag -
The Bharat Scouts and Guides Flag shall be in dark blue color, the emblem in yellow colour shall be in the center of the flag with Ashoka Chakra in blue color. The size of the flag shall be 180 cms. In length and 120 cms. in width, the emblem will be 45 cms by 39 cms. The size of the Group Flag, which is the same as above, shall be 180 cms X 120 cms. with proportionate emblem. The name of the group shall be written in a yellow color below the emblem in straight line. The Fleur-de-lis the International emblem of Scouting and Ashoka Chakra is meant to emphasize the all-India character of the Movement. The super imposed trefoil represents the guide wing of the B.S.&G.
The World Scout Flag consists of the World Scout Badge in white encircled by a white chord the ends of which are tied with a Reef-Knot, set on purple back ground; the size of the flag will be in the ratio of 3:2 Purple is the International color of Scouting the Knot is the symbol of the Scout Brotherhood.
The World Guide Flag, which every guide must know how to draw and describe, is the symbol of the unity of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts of the world.
The design of Miss Kari as, Chief Guide of Norway, was chosen for our World Guide Flag
It is used at International Guide Camps, Conferences, and can be used at enrolment ceremonies.
The golden trefoil is world badge and symbolizes the three fold Promise of the Guide. The colors were chosen to represent the sun shining in a blue sky. The two starts in the leaves of the trefoil remind us of the leading stars of our Guide life. The Law and the Promise, and the vein or line is like the compass needle, which guides us on the right cause. The trefoil rest on a flame like base and is a copy of the "feu" or fire of heraldry. It represents the spirit of service and the flame of the love for mankind, which burns in our hearts and is a symbol of our international out book.